Faridabad is the largest city in the north Indian state of Haryana, in Faridabad district. It is a leading industrial center and situated in the National Capital Region (India) near the Indian capital New Delhi. It is located between Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida and Gurgaon. It is surrounded by Delhi to its North, Noida to its North East, Greater Noida to its East and Gurgaon to its West. Thus it is easily accessible from all locations in National Capital Region (India). Down the way in South alongside National Highway 2 it has Palwal, Mathura (along Vrindavan) and then Agra. Faridabad enjoys a prime location both geographically and politically. The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh.
The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad (Sec. 66 to 89) between Agra Canal and Yamuna River is commonly referred as Neharpar or Greater Faridabad. The area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centers. Sector 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors whereas Sector 75 to 89 are Residential Sectors.
The Delhi-Agra National Highway No.2 (Sher Shah Suri Marg) passes through the centre of the Faridabad district. The city has many railway stations on the Delhi-Mathura double track broad-gauge line of the North Central Railway. The railway stations of Old Faridabad and New Industrial Township are the major ones.
Faridabad is also a major industrial hub of Haryana 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon. Faridabad is famous for henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres constitute its primary industrial products.
For ease of Civil Administration, Faridabad district is divided into two sub divisions viz. Faridabad and Ballabgarh, each headed by a Sub Divisional Magistrate. The Municipal Corporation of Faridabad (MCF) provides the urban civic amenities to the citizens of Faridabad City. Palwal, Hodal and Hathin Sub Divisions are now part of the newly created Palwal District.
The climate of Faridabad district can be classified as tropical steppe, hot semi-arid (Köppen BSh) which is mainly characterized by the extreme dryness of the air except during monsoon months. During three months of south west monsoon from last week of June to September, the moist air of oceanic penetrate into the district and causes high humidity, cloudiness and monsoon rainfall. The period from October to December constitutes post monsoon season. The cold weather season prevails from January to the beginning of March and followed by the hot weather or summer season which prevails up to the last week of June.
The normal annual rainfall in Faridabad district is about 542 mm (21.3 in) spread over 27 days. The south west monsoon sets in the last week of June and withdraws towards the end of September and contributes about 85% of the annual rainfall. July and August are the wettest months 15% of the annual rainfall occurs during the non-monsoon months in the wake of thunder storms and western disturbances.